Globe Capitalist / Countries / Georgia


Strategically nestled at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Georgia stands as an enchanting blend of rich cultural heritage and robust business potential. A nation known for its captivating landscapes, Georgia offers endless opportunities for entrepreneurs looking to harness its economic dynamism while relishing the splendors of its picturesque beauty.

Living in Georgia: pros and cons guide
The Kura River flowing through the capital Tbilisi
Georgia, a gem in the Caucasus, has progressively surfaced as an alluring destination for both tourism and trade. Its open business climate, coupled with its deep-rooted history, promises an amalgam of profitable ventures and leisurely indulgences. With a rapidly growing economy, the nation holds tremendous prospects for investors, simultaneously offering tourists an immersive experience in its rich tapestry of cultures, traditions, and natural wonders.
Country Georgia
Population Approximately 3.7 million (World Bank, 2021)
Capital Tbilisi(Approximately 1.1 million)
Main cities Batumi(Approximately 164,000) Kutaisi(Approximately 147,000) Rustavi(Approximately 120,000)
Language Georgian(87.6%) Russian(6.2%) Armenian(3.9%) Azerbaijani(2.2%)
Time in Georgia UTC+4
Currency Georgian Lari(₾, GEL)
Religion Orthodox Christianity(83.4%) Muslim(10.7%) Armenian Apostolic(2.9%) Other(3%)
Tax regime The personal income tax rate in Georgia is 20% as of 2021.
VAT 18% as of 2021.
Overage salary Approximately 1050 GEL per month (National Statistics Office of Georgia, 2021)

Georgia: Your Next Home and Business Venture

Located at the juncture of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, Georgia brims with potential, not just as a tourist’s paradise but as a thriving hub for entrepreneurs, retirees, and professionals. The nation’s strong sense of identity, derived from its eclectic mix of cultures, traditions, and ancient heritage, lays the groundwork for a quality life. The burgeoning economy, with sectors like agriculture, tourism, and real estate gaining momentum, presents numerous opportunities for businesses and individuals alike. Add to this the alluring charm of snow-capped peaks, lush valleys, historic sites, and a warm, welcoming populace, making Georgia a prime choice for relocation.

Living in Georgia

Cost of living

Georgia, compared to its European counterparts, offers a relatively lower cost of living, with affordable housing, transportation, and food. While Tbilisi, the capital, may have slightly higher living costs, the countryside and smaller towns provide economical options. One can relish local cuisine, utilize public transportation, and live comfortably without burning a hole in their pocket.

Quality of education

Georgia boasts a solid educational framework, with a literacy rate hovering around 99%. The nation takes pride in its universities like Tbilisi State University and Ilia State University, renowned for their academic rigor and diverse courses. For expatriates, international schools, often with English as the medium of instruction, are available, ensuring their children get a globally-recognized education.

Health care and insurance

The healthcare system in Georgia has witnessed significant reforms, aiming to offer quality medical services to both residents and tourists. A blend of public and private medical facilities ensures comprehensive healthcare coverage. While Georgian citizens benefit from state-funded medical insurance, expatriates often opt for private health insurance plans to cater to their specific needs.


Georgia experiences a mix of continental and maritime climates. While the western part is more humid and enjoys mild winters, the eastern region has a more pronounced range of temperatures. The mountainous regions are cooler, making them ideal for winter sports.

When is the best time to visit Georgia?

Spring and Autumn are the most pleasant times for sightseeing, given the moderate temperatures. However, if you’re budget-conscious, late winter offers off-peak rates for accommodations and travel.

Fun and entertainment

Georgia teems with entertainment options. The young and young-at-heart can revel in the dynamic nightlife of Tbilisi, dance to Georgian folk music, or enjoy sporting events. The nation’s passion for sports like rugby, football, and wrestling ensures that enthusiasts have plenty to engage with.

Best places to live in Georgia

For work-centric individuals, Tbilisi and Batumi are hubs of opportunities. Those seeking a tranquil setting for raising a family might consider the serene beauty of Kutaisi. Retirees often gravitate towards Rustavi, known for its peaceful ambiance and tight-knit communities.

Tbilisi (1.1 million)

The vibrant capital city pulsates with energy, drawing people with its amalgamation of historic charm and modern amenities. A hub for businesses and the arts, Tbilisi offers a cosmopolitan lifestyle, making it a favorite among both locals and expatriates.

Batumi (164,000)

A city along the Black Sea coast, Batumi is not only a leading tourist destination but also a booming economic center. With its pristine beaches and thriving job market, it presents a balanced lifestyle for its inhabitants.

Kutaisi (147,000)

Renowned for its UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Kutaisi offers a serene environment. Its cultural richness and slower pace of life attract those looking for a blend of historical depth and modern conveniences.

Rustavi (120,000)

Known for its green spaces and tranquil ambiance, Rustavi is a haven for retirees. The city’s sense of community and safety make it a popular choice for families as well.

Is Georgia safe?

Georgia ranks high in safety metrics. With low crime rates and a hospitable populace, the nation ensures both residents and tourists feel secure and at home.

Moving to Georgia

How to move to Georgia as an expat


Georgia offers several visa types, catering to tourists, business professionals, students, and more. Depending on the purpose, visas can range from short-term stays to long-term residence permits. An e-visa portal simplifies the process, allowing applicants to secure their visas efficiently.

Citizenship By Investment (Golden Visa)

As of my last update in 2021, Georgia does not offer a Citizenship By Investment program. However, there are other avenues for potential residents to explore.

Residency By Investment

Georgia has introduced a Residency by Investment program, which allows foreign nationals to secure a residence permit by investing in the country. This could be through property purchase, business ventures, or other significant financial contributions to the Georgian economy.

Does Georgia allow Dual Citizenship?

Yes, Georgia permits dual citizenship. However, it requires an individual to obtain a special permit from the President of Georgia. Without this permit, accepting another country’s citizenship automatically leads to the loss of Georgian citizenship.

Real estate

Real estate in Georgia has seen an upward trajectory, especially in urban centers like Tbilisi and Batumi. While an apartment in Tbilisi’s heart may cost more, rural areas offer affordable villas and houses. The increasing interest of foreign investors, coupled with government incentives, has contributed to the real estate sector’s growth. Factors like Georgia’s strategic location, its burgeoning tourism sector, and economic stability have all played a role in the rising real estate prices. However, compared to other European countries, Georgia still remains an affordable option for property investments.

Can expats buy property in Georgia?

Yes, expatriates can purchase property in Georgia without any major restrictions. The Georgian government has implemented policies to encourage foreign investment in the country’s real estate sector.

Why should I move to Georgia?

Georgia, straddling the borders between Europe and Asia, is a gem that offers an unparalleled mix of rich history, scenic beauty, and progressive economic potential. The nation’s diverse cultural tapestry, ranging from its ancient architecture to its mouthwatering cuisine, invites both the curious traveler and the keen investor. With its unique geographical landscape of verdant valleys, snow-capped mountains, and stunning coastlines, along with its vibrant urban hubs, Georgia is not just a tourist’s delight but also an expatriate’s dream.
Pros Cons
  • Low cost of living compared to many European countries.
  • High safety standards with low crime rates.
  • Diverse and picturesque landscapes, offering a range of recreational activities.
  • Warm and welcoming local populace.
  • Thriving business opportunities in sectors like tourism, agriculture, and real estate.
  • Language barrier as Georgian is the primary language, although many in urban areas speak English.
  • Geopolitical tensions in certain regions.
  • Differences in climate can be stark between regions.
  • Some remote areas may lack advanced medical facilities.

Doing business in Georgia


Georgia’s economy has shown a consistent trajectory of growth over recent years, largely credited to its economic reforms, transparent business environment, and investment in infrastructure. The primary sectors contributing to its GDP include agriculture, tourism, and mining. Georgia’s strategic location makes it a crucial transit route for oil, gas, and other goods, connecting Europe and Asia. Furthermore, its tourism sector has been booming, with cities like Tbilisi and Batumi attracting millions of tourists annually.

Tax in Georgia

The Georgian taxation system is designed to be investor-friendly. With a personal income tax rate of 20% and a VAT rate of 18%, the country offers competitive rates to both individuals and corporations. Georgia has also signed double taxation treaties with numerous countries to prevent dual taxation of income earned in Georgia. This transparent and simplified tax system encourages foreign investments and business operations.


The startup ecosystem in Georgia is blossoming. Tbilisi, in particular, is emerging as a hotspot for innovative startups, driven by a young, tech-savvy generation. The Georgian government encourages this ecosystem by offering various incentive programs, incubators, and accelerators. Tech parks in major cities provide state-of-the-art facilities and resources for startups to thrive. Moreover, international investors and venture capitalists are turning their attention to Georgia, recognizing its potential as a future tech hub.

Company formation in Georgia

Georgia has streamlined its company formation processes to attract foreign businesses. With reduced bureaucratic hurdles, transparent procedures, and quick turnaround times, establishing a business in Georgia can be accomplished with ease. Additionally, the Georgian government offers various incentives, including tax breaks and subsidized land prices, to foreign entrepreneurs. Establishing a company in Georgia not only provides access to the local market but also serves as a gateway to larger Eurasian markets.

How to open a company in Georgia?

Read the detailed guide on how to open a company in Georgia.

How to open a bank account in Georgia?

Read the detailed guide on how to open a bank account in Georgia.
Living in Georgia: pros and cons guide

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